Posted by:- Herbal Bubble
Cannabis plants contain chemicals, known as cannabinoids. There are over 100 known cannabinoids contained in cannabis. The most well known of these is THC (Tetrahydrocannabiniol), which is the chemical that produces the high when consuming cannabis. CBD (cannabidiol) is one of the many other cannabinoids contained in cannabis.
CBD and THC both interact with the endocannabinoid system, however CBD is non-psychoactive, meaning it will not make you high.
CBD content of Cannabis and Hemp
In natural cannabis plants, the percentage of CBD rarely exceeds 1%, whereas THC percentages can be above 25% in certain strains.
Hemp plants, which are in the same family of plants as cannabis, contain minimal THC and can reach up to around 20% CBD content.
Through crossbreeding methods, cannabis growers are able to combine hemp plants with cannabis plants. The resulting strain of cannabis contains near to a 1:1 ratio of THC to CBD.
You may ask why cannabis breeders would want a higher CBD content in their strains? Read below to find out.
Medical benefits: THC vs CBD
Cannabis high in THC is useful for treating conditions such as Multiple Sclerosis, HIV/AIDS, glaucoma, spinal cord injury and nausea caused by chemotherapy.
CBD has been found to treat chronic pain, epilepsy, Parkinson’s, depression, anxiety, schizophrenia and drug addictions. However, since CBD content of natural cannabis does not reach over 1-2%, various processes must be undertaken in order to extract the CBD as an oil/resin. The oil/resin is then used to treat the conditions above.
Since the resulting strain from crossbreeding cannabis and hemp contains high percentages of CBD, it is useful in treating a wider range of ailments due to containing both THC and CBD.
The Stanley brothers from Colorado, USA, crossbred hemp with an unspecified cannabis strain resulting in a plant containing 0.3% THC and 20% CBD.
The strain was named after Charlotte Figi, who was suffering from epileptic seizures. Charlotte’s Web greatly reduced the number of seizures Charlotte was experiencing. The use of Charlotte’s web reduced her weekly seizures from over three hundred to just one.
Charlotte’s web is also used to treat epilepsy in many other toddlers and children.
Many people may claim that there is no need to crossbreed cannabis with hemp to produce a plant with a 1:1 ratio of THC to CBD, if CBD can just be extracted from hemp to treat certain illnesses.
However, the entourage effect proposes that by themselves, cannabinoids produce minimal medicinal effects. It is only when all of the cannabinoids are combined that the medicinal quality and impact of consuming cannabis is much greater.
Are there any risks from CBD consumption?
The WHO (World Health Organization) reported that there is no evidence of health-related risks from the use of CBD. It was also stated that there are no risks of abuse from the consumption of CBD, i.e. it is not addictive.
Want to learn more about cannabis? Check out our learning page for regularly uploaded content.